< 1: Sajem Tan by Daniel Swanson WSL by Logan Kearsley 4: Queranaran by Padraic Brown >

Translated by: Logan Kearsley
Sa Sinderelajh patmjoinu patmjoin, voram ob ayiv, voram jereha tagavor martu
Ka tagavor gin i asev mek a, vor ner i hot a zol im es
Ka miatu ves stilik mart i a, voramu ajn tagavor um, jev ves wtajn gundan i a,
voramu Santa um, ves-kax krivin mart jo jev mets ajam mek iz es, vor ognu mek
jo, vor tiho gunav ajn tey its ner i jev'otc ner a tsanwtu.
Ka miatu Sinderela a mets ajam a Pitr Pan jo is'ka payteru ren i nav taratih a
mek heto es, vor mets krivu mart i a.
Ka jes i asev ajs patmjoin avelijoin a bi isk tce mek iz es, vor mek i, vor jesu
ayiam jehpajr, ajs a kartc im.
Smooth translation:
Cinderella's story tells the history of the king's daughter.
The queen commanded that she turn grass into gold.
The queen's dwarfs and Santa's pigs join the guards and a small dinosaur to help
her depart in silence and avoid detection.
Cinderella and the small dinosaur meet up with Peter Pan and blow up a spaceship
after big fights between the troops.
I would continue to tell this story, but my sister is drawing it.
Translation of previous torch Missing
Interlinear Missing
Glossary/mini dictionary
sa (Projector) Introduces an positive equational clause.
-ih/-jh (Suffix) Derives an abstract Noun having some unspecified relation to
the base Noun. Roughly equivalent to "of" or genitive case.
pat(u)m (Noun) To tell a story or narrative
jo (Role) Marks semantic themes
-in/-jn (Suffix) Participial suffix. Combined with a Role, it derives a new Noun
referring to whatever bears the given relation to the base Noun.
-u / -v (Clitic) Marks the specifier phrase.
vor (Projector) Introduces a positive nominal clause.
-am (Clitic) Indicates the relativized phrase in a nominal clause. When attached
directly to the Projector, it introduces an externally-headed relative clause,
and must be followed by a Role or specifier clitic.
ob (Role) About or concerning.
ayi (Noun) Girl
jereha (Role) Child of
tag (Noun) Crown / tiara
-avor (Suffix) Derives a new Noun referring to a person who has some relation to
the base.
mart (Noun) Man
es (Modal Particle) Emphasizes the indicative mood. Often used simply to
disambiguate clause boundaries.
ka (Projector) Introduces a positive, non-equational independent clause.
gin (Noun) Woman
i (Role) Indicates semantic agents. In participles, it merges with -in/-jn.
ase (Noun) Speak, say, tell
mek (Noun) Thing. Often used as a placeholder for dislocated nominal clauses.
a (Role) Indicates semantic patients.
ner (Pronoun) 3rd person singular.
hot (Noun) Grass
zol (Noun) Gold (metal)
im (Role) Indicates results
miat (Noun) To join up or combine with someone/thing
ves (Quantifier) All/Every
stilik (Noun) Small
ajn (Pronoun) Approximately "that". Often used as part of phrases which can be
referred to with a bare "ajn" later on.
jev (Conjunction) And, used to join non-propositional elements of the same
syntactic type.
wt (Noun) To eat
gundan (Noun) Animal
um (Role) Indicates locations and owners.
kriv (Noun) Fight
mets (Noun) Big
ajam (Noun) Any ground-dwelling bird
iz (Role) Indicates causes or purposes.
og(u)n (Noun) Help, to help
tiho (Noun) Quiet
g(u)na (Noun) To go
tey (Noun) Place
its (Role) Indicates sources (ablative)
votc (Projector) Introduces negative nominal clauses.
tsanwt (Noun) To find or notice
isk (Conjunction) And, used to join propositions.
payter (Noun) To explode, explosion
ren (Pronoun) 3rd person plural
nav (Noun) Ship or boat
tarat (Noun) Vacuum (as in a volume without air, not the cleaning device)
heto (Role) Indicates that the specifier is behind or temporally after the
ajs (Pronoun) Approximately "this". Like "ajn", it can be used to mark phrases
for later reference with a bare "ajs".
aveli (Role) Indicates the specifier is "more" than the argument.
bi (Modal Particle) Marks irrealis.
tce (Projector) Introduces a negative, non-equational independent clause.
jes (Pronoun) 1st person singular.
jehpajr (Role) Sibling of
kartc (Noun) Picture, drawing
Grammar notes
All clauses in Wjerih Sarak begin with a Projector which indicates the type of
clause. This is the only required element; anything else can be dropped if it is
clear from context. Other parts of speech are Nouns, Roles, Quantifiers, Modal
Particles, and Conjunctions. Modal Particles always occur clause-finally and, as
their name suggests, indicate the grammatical mood. The default is
declarative/indicative. More complex modal concepts can be encoded by
quantification over possible scenarios, but none of those constructions are used
here. In between the Projector and Modal Particle (if any) come a series of
argument phrases, which consist of an optional Quantifier, zero or more Nouns,
and either a specifier clitic or one or more Roles. There is no grammaticalized
number marking. Nouns encode monovalent predicates, and cover approximately the
semantic space of nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Multiple Nouns in a
single phrase serve to further narrow down the identity of a common referent,
like a sequence of adjectives. Aside from idiomatic phrases, order is
irrelevant. Roles encode divalent predicates, and cover the semantic space of
case markers, adpositions, and some nouns (especially kinship terms). One
argument slot of a Role is filled by the preceding Noun/Quantifier phrase, while
the other is filled by the clausal specifier; thus, all Roles in a single clause
share one common argument, given by the specifier phrase. When more than one
phrase has the same Roles, it is equivalent to conjoining sequences of Nouns.
Two phrases with the same set of Roles, but in differing orders, indicates a
reciprocal, but none of those occur in this text. There is no grammaticalized
tense or aspect. These are indicated solely by temporal phrases. The
phoneme/grapheme <u> has some special properties. Several roots have a "fleeting
u", which appears or disappears in different phonological environments,
dependent on the presence or absence of certain affixes. Other morphemes contain
an "alternative u", which does not disappear but alternates with <v> depending
on the morphophonological environment.
Equational clauses (clauses which assert that two phrases refer to the same
thing) can have two specifiers, or one specifier and one unmarked
Noun/Quantifier phrase.
Phrase order within a clause matters only for the resolution of quantifier